66 LA STORIA. [10] The Commentarii de Bello Civili, along with Caesar's other literary works, became staple reading for Latin studies around the world because of the quality and excellent grammar employed by Caesar in his writings.[11]. Author: Caesaris, C. Iulii (Julius Caesar); Kraner, Friedrich and Freidrich Hofmann; Edited by Heinrich Meusel; Epilogue by Hans Oppermann Title: Commentarii de Bello Civili Publication: Berlin: Weidmannsche, Description: Hardcover with green cloth boards in dust jacket, 1959, octavo, 425pp., illustrated with five b&w maps at rear. The book ended with the line "Haec initia belli Alexandrini fuerunt." Caesar omits many details of the military campaigns, focusing in large part on the larger strategic situation and the reasoning behind the actions occurring. Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (November 3, 39 AD - April 30, 65 AD), better known in English as Lucan, was a Roman poet, born in Corduba, in the Hispania Baetica. [2], Caesar organized his commentaries into three separate books, at that time written on individual scrolls. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Caesar also does not present a neutral picture and at every opportunity distorts the goals and positions of his enemies in favour of his own position, but does so in a subtle manner sometimes difficult to detect. L'opera narra la guerra tra Cesare e Pompeo in tre libri: i primi due raccontano gli eventi del 49 a.c., l'ultimo quelli del 48. In it Caesar describes the battles and intrigues that took place in the nine years he spent fighting the Celtic and Germanic peoples in Gaul that opposed Roman conquest. He then proceeds to explain his reasoning for occupying Egypt with his army, using a succession crisis among the Egyptian royal family as his pretence. As governor of Gaul, Caesar presents himself as the victim of a conspiracy occurring in Rome led by his political enemies, including Gnaeus Pompeius, Scipio, and Marcus Cicero. Each book is subdivided into numbered paragraphs. Caesar, Gaius Julius (c. 52 BC) (in Latin). Gaius Iulius Caesar. The chapter breaks in this translation have been changed to align with those in the 1901 Latin edition of the De Bello Civili, ed. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). The lengthy battle and siege resulted in a decisive victory by Caesar's army. Il De bello civili. Discendeva da una famiglia di antica nobilitas, percorre tutto il cursus honorum tra le file dei populares, fino a costruirsi e conquistare un potere personale che non poteva essere contenuto negli assetti costituzionali repubblicani. In seguito il commentarius venne ad assumere il carattere di una forma intermedia tra l’hypòmnemae la trattazione storica vera e propria. Scipio raises a personal army of his own from his provinces in Asia Minor and moves to reinforce Pompeius.[6]. The Egyptians resisted and Caesar seized the Pharos. Caesar also does not present a neutral picture and at every opportunity distorts the goals and positions of his enemies in favour of his own position, but does so in a subtle manner sometimes difficult to detect. "De Bello Gallico" and Other Commentaries by Julius Caesar. The book climaxes with the Battle of Pharsalus in June 48. [5] Caesar writes a lengthy monologue about the superiority of his army of elite veterans of the pacification of Gaul, and dismisses Pompeius' tactics and the strength of his army. Scipio raises a personal army of his own from his provinces in Asia Minor and moves to reinforce Pompeius.[6]. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Latin title Commentarii de Bello Civili is often retained as the title of the book in English translations of the work. [9], The book was for a time lost, but was rediscovered in Italian city archives in the Middle Ages. Commentarii de bello civili: erklärt von Friedrich Kraner und Friedrich Hofmann. Caesar then leads his army across the Mediterranean Sea in pursuit of Pompeius, who had landed in Egypt. Comentarios sobre la guerra civil (en latín, Commentarii de bello civili) es un texto de Julio César dónde este relata las operaciones militares y vicisitudes políticas acaecidas durante la segunda guerra civil de la República romana, de las cuales salió vencedor. Pompeius attempts to raise an army in southern Italy, but is forced to retreat with the army to Greece. Throughout the commentaries he presents his cause as a noble one to restore order and return peace to the Roman people, while showing how his actions were justified. Cesare era riuscito a creare qualcos… //-->. The book climaxes with the Battle of Pharsalus in June 48. Julius Caesar describes the Germani and their customs in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico, though in certain cases it is still a matter of debate if he refers to Northern Celtic tribes or clearly identified Germanic tribes. Shorter than its counterpart on the Gallic War, only three books long, and possibly unfinished, it covers the events of 49-48 BC, from shortly before Caesar's invasion of Italy to Pompey's defeat at the Battle of Pharsalus and flight to Egypt with Caesar in pursuit. Renatus du Pontet. Commentarii de Bello Civili: Latin Text 146. by Julius Caesar. Format Url Size; ... De Quincey, Thomas, 1785-1859: Translator: McDevitte, W. A. Compre online De Bello Civili..., de Caesar, Gaius Iulius na Amazon. Nachwort und bibliographische Nachträge von Hans Oppermann. The Gallic Wars are described by Julius Caesar in his book Commentarii de Bello Gallico, which remains the most important historical source regarding the conflict. Reproduction Date: Commentarii de Bello Civili (Commentaries on the Civil War), or Bellum Civile, is an account written by Julius Caesar of his war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Senate. The oldest known manuscripts of the commentaries date to the tenth century AD. In 1469 the commentaries were republished in Rome, from which edition most modern copies are now derived. Article Id: Pompeius and his cohorts flee to other areas of the Republic in an attempt to reverse their fortunes. [10] Given its much shorter length when compared to Caesar's other works, and its abrupt ending, it is possible that he never finished the work, or that a significant part may still be missing. , This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. A Commentarii de bello civili (latin, jelentése: Feljegyzések a polgárháborúról, magyarul egyszerűen A polgárháború néven vált ismertté) latin nyelvű mű, amelyet Caius Iulius Caesar írt egyes szám harmadik személyben a Kr. google_ad_height = 600; Caesar omits many details of the military campaigns, focusing in large part on the larger strategic situation and the reasoning behind the actions occurring. Modern historians lament the fact that Caesar omits many important details about the military events, primarily because the book is the only source known to exist for many of the events that occurred in it, but also because it was written from the unique perspective of the most powerful figure in the Republic and one of the most notable generals in human history. In 1469 the commentaries were republished in Rome, from which edition most modern copies are now derived. The books covers a two-year period discussing the Roman Civil War during 49 and 48 BC. [2], Caesar organized his commentaries into three separate books, at that time written on individual scrolls. 12. Commentarii de bello civili [Hardcover] [Julius Caesar] on Amazon.com. Aufl. Bellum Civile er kun tre bøker (ruller) lang, og muligens heller ikke ferdigstilt. Caesar describes Scipio as a maniacal and untrustworthy but weak villain concerned only with destroying Caesar. [3] Caesar explains how he was wronged by Pompeius and his cohorts, who refused to permit him the triumph that was traditionally permitted to victorious generals. I Romani con il termine commentarius traducevano il greco hypòmnema, che non indica un genere lettarario, ma appunti, brevi rapporti politici militari o amministrativi inviati da un’autorità; annotazioni di carattere privato. om hans krig mot Gnaeus Pompeius og det romerske senatet.Skriftet er langt kortere enn verket Commentarii de Bello Gallico, som Cæsar skrev om gallerkrigen. [10] Given its much shorter length when compared to Caesar's other works, and its abrupt ending, it is possible that he never finished the work, or that a significant part may still be missing. Commentāriī dē Bellō Gallicō, also Bellum Gallicum, is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative. He then proceeds to explain his reasoning for occupying Egypt with his army, using a succession crisis among the Egyptian royal family as his pretence. After Caesar successfully outmanoeuvred Pompeius's army in the eastern Balkans, Pompeius and his army gradually fall back into Macedonia. Paperback $ 7.99. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. [2], Written as a narrative, the book begins with the expiration of Caesar's term as governor of Gaul and the party dominating the Roman Senate ordering him to return to the city to face charges of misconduct and possible execution. The oldest known manuscripts of the commentaries date to the tenth century AD. google_ad_slot = "4852765988"; google_ad_slot = "6416241264"; Commentarii de bello civili. The Egyptians resisted and Caesar seized the Pharos. Commentarii de bello civili/Liber II. He also commonly presents himself as a humane liberal on the epicurean model. Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. Manuale. Ita saepius rem frustra temptatam Caesar aliquando dimittendam sibi iudicat et de bello agendum. Come già nel De bello Gallico, anche in quest’altra opera lo scrittore punta l’attenzione sulle cause che hanno portato al conflitto, per giustificare a posteriori il proprio operato. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Commentarii_de_Bello_Civili?oldid=4512995. [7] There Pompeius was murdered, according to Caesar, by the Egyptians. google_ad_height = 90; In Greece Pompeius initially has the stronger position, with more troops, controlling many of the strategic areas. The Latintitle Commentarii de Bello Civili is often retained as the title of the book in English translations of the work.          Political / Social. /* 160x600, created 12/31/07 */ [10] The Commentarii de Bello Civili, along with Caesar's other literary works, became staple reading for Latin studies around the world because of the quality and excellent grammar employed by Caesar in his writings. Throughout the commentaries he presents his cause as a noble one to restore order and return peace to the Roman people, while showing how his actions were justified. The title itself is Latin for "Commentaries on the Civil War". The lengthy battle and siege resulted in a decisive victory by Caesar's army. 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