Consequently, the states suffer from an imbalance of trade. Stevens-Arroyo, A. M. (2009). Currently, most of the economies significantly depend on this culture. Although in some cases, colonialism has had a positive effect on the country in the area regarding education and health care and on the other hand, has created an economic gap between the citizens. The first slaves from Africa began arriving in Hispaniola in 1505. Today, the countries in the region concentrate on banana, coffee, or sugar production (JanMohamed, 2003). There are a variety of people that live on the Caribbean islands and they are heavily impacted on the effects of climate change. Sharpe, 2002. Such an overly degrading status affirmed the racist misconception that black women were immoral and sexually promiscuous. Sugarcane plantations, therefore, ended up being the source of wealth for Spain in the Caribbean. November 16, 2018. The Amazonians, in the disguise of ‘civilisation’, embarked on conquering the Caribbean states by controlling both the minds and souls of the Caribbean people. The black origins of the mulata served as a reminder of her shameful status as a slave (Williams 95). Perhaps European colonization’s single greatest impact on the North American environment was the introduction of disease. One of the known stories ever told in world history, perhaps, is the colonialism of that happened in the Caribbean countries. (2000). The French were so conceited that they though of France as the earthly counterpart of heaven and themselves as gods who would rescue the blacks from barbarism. Moreover, they imparted to the black Jamaican children the racist misconception that being black meant being guilty of the “sin” of savagery – a wrongdoing which could only be “amended” by occupation and slavery. The history of colonialism is characterised by vicious destruction, near obliteration of the aboriginals, deliberate division of the Caribbean people from their cultures and ancestral lands, and the introduction of foreign cultures and languages. Hence, the Amazonian states offer financial aid to the Caribbean states with an aim of enriching themselves. (Kempadoo 6). Young, K. R. (2005). For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. The Inter-Atlantic paradigm: the failure of Spanish medieval colonisation of the Canary and Caribbean Islands. A great example of colonial influence that has been made part of the Caribbean culture is food. Colonialism accustomed the Caribbean people to putting more value on imported products. The democratisation came because of increased economic diversification, increase in the number of organised religions, improvement in the education sector, and the emergence of labour unions. After the Caribbean was first colonised by Spain in the 15th century, a system of sugar planting and enslavement evolved. In return, their economies suffer since they do not reap from the extra money gained upon exporting manufactured products. The narrator then described how she felt about having black skin: Such a low regard for black skin was a legacy of the Caribbean’s colonial past – black women were regarded to be immoral and sexually promiscuous, while white women were believed to be chaste and proper. (2018, November 16). For instance, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank allege to assist the Caribbean states but at a cost. This stereotype became a venue for them to criticize the damaging effect of colonialism on black women – the mindset that being black was to be poor, uneducated and morally decadent, while being white was to be affluent, chaste, modest and proper. Colonialism and its Social and Cultural Consequences in the Caribbean One hundred and fifty years after Britain abolished slavery, it seems appropriate to evaluate the impact of colonialism on the Caribbean islands and the circum-Caribbean mainland. New York: Rody, Caroline. Colonialism's Effect on Caribbean Culture Mario Saenz English 5370 Why Colonize the Caribbeans? Sokolow, Jayme A. The Caribbean was the ideal region for a ready consumer market and haven for overseas Americanism. Upon learning that her mother had died (“gone to Glory”), Tee’s first reaction was to integrate the event with the lessons that she had learned in school: At school I had come to learn that Glory and The Mother Country and Up-                                 There and Over-There had all one and the same geographical location. Predictably, imperialism, colonialism and slavery deeply influenced the shaping of Caribbean identity, a process that started around the 60 and that influenced -and was influenced by- the struggle for independence from the Mother Country. The church treated slaves as its members but failed to defend their rights and even suppressed their culture (Fahlbusch, Lochman, Bromiley, Barrett, Mbiti and Pelikan 178). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 42(2), 105-121. This facilitated in promoting trade between the various Caribbean states. However, they allowed for increased political and social democratisation in their countries. Most of the indigenous communities like the Maroon were phased out during the colonial period. Geoforum, 36(1), 45-58. How successful were they? Although the region did not have gold or silver, its land and climate were suitable for sugarcane cultivation. For instance, Trinidad exports its oil to its former colonisers, while Jamaica exports coffee, sugar, and bananas (Briguglio, 1995). Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, Effects of the legacies of colonialism on women’s work, Assimilation of Cultural Groups in the Caribbean, The Effects of the Hatian Revolution on Caribbean Society and Culture, Importance of Matrifocal family in the caribbean, Historical Background of Caribbean Islands,, Get your custom Globalisation and Cultural Identity in Caribbean Society: The Jamaican Case Abstract The Caribbean is a region whose very name reverberates from the early effects of globalisation (then called colonialism). Some black women writers in the Caribbean opted to use dark skin as a springboard for the discussion of social issues. Black slavery was deeply entrenched in Caribbean society – even the church was very much involved in the former. Spain introduced the plantation system to the Caribbean at the beginning of the 16th century. The existing education system in most of the Caribbean countries does not promote innovation and entrepreneurship, which makes it hard for the respective states to witness significant economic growth (Chaney, 2012). Introduction. Traditionally, the Caribbean people made no effort to manufacture products for local consumption. Newstead, C. (2005). Comparative Studies in Society and History, 35(3), 515-543. How did the Native Americans attempted to turn European rivalries to their advantage? As people escaped from slavery, they ended up intermingling with other communities while some lost their lives. Paul Sutton. Hence, most of the states focused on a single product, which they felt they were proficient at producing. The history of Caribbean agricultural dependency is closely linked with European colonialism which altered the financial potential of the region by introducing a plantation system. legal, economic, cultural and social systems that are in that society. Today, the legacy of Columbus dominates the Caribbean, and crumbling relics of the Spanish rule obscure all traces of the life that graced these islands before the coming of the Europeans. It can be seen physically in the landscapes of the islands of the Caribbean, and mentally it is still present in some of the inhabitant’s minds. Colony establishment came with an aim of helping the mother countries grow economically. They aimed at ensuring that they had adequate people to sustain the growth of the plantation economy, which acted as the major source of raw materials for industries in their mother countries. By the 19th century, there were already at least 9 million Africans that were forcibly brought to the New World (Fahlbusch, Lochman, Bromiley, Barrett, Mbiti and Pelikan 178). In spite of alienation from the ancestral lands and introduction of foreign means of interpreting veracity, Caribbean people still fight to achieve their identity. One of the major negative impacts of Colonialism was slavery. Latin American Research Review, 40(3), 457-468. Colonialism had very detrimental effects on black women in the Caribbean. Rather than civilising the Caribbean people, the Amazonians eroded the natives’ sense of self and entrapped them in ‘objectification’, making them appear like commodities. This erroneous principle was so deeply ingrained in Caribbean society that the narrator, as a result, used the prostitute (the proverbial “scarlet woman”) as an allusion to her dark skin. For instance, the colonial masters take the blame for the current economic situation in the Caribbean states. Simply put, theirs was a literary genre that served as a tool for political protest and a way of healing the splintered racial identity of the people in the Caribbean (Wilentz 34). Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. A sense of forbiddance was abolished. The former institutionalized black slavery in the region, which, in turn, resulted in the oppression of black women. Colonisation by European Empires had a significant impact on Africa, America and Asia. After the abolishment of slavery, there emerged another intricate social class. Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Her gender, meanwhile, echoed the racist misconception that black women were immoral and sexually promiscuous. Culturally, the peoples of the Caribbean are a mix of Africa, Asian, European, and Indigenous peoples. Thus, many regions throughout the world became divided into various colonies. After grabbing the ancestral lands from the Caribbean people, the Amazonians went on to influence the Caribbean people’s way of thinking by introducing civilisation. Over the centuries, the distinction between colonialism and imperialism has been causing confusion among the lay men and even among experts. 16 November. The indigenous people of the Caribbean. It is their self-imposed inferiority over whites and not the color of their skin that is hindering them from building a progressive society. Her desperation to be considered as white reflected the persistent self-doubt, self-hate and feelings of inferiority that blacks in the Caribbean felt due to their past as chattel (Williams 100). Colonisation in metapopulations: a review of theory and observations. It eventually led to the emergence of the ‘monocropping’ culture in the region. For example, slaves were denied access to education due to fears that literacy would allow them to read abolitionist books and pamphlets that could inspire them to rebel against their masters. The states supply Amazonians with their precious tropical goods without significantly benefiting from the trade. To understand the effects of colonization on the real world, it is important to look at cases in which colonization deeply affected and still affect the development and growth of particular nations. Since then, most of the Caribbean states have not improved on their education system. The traffick-ing of Africans (the buying of slaves in Africa, transporting them across the Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean and then reselling them to people who wanted cheap labour) was done by many European powers including Spain, Portugal, France, Britain and the Dutch. The economies of the Caribbean states are driven by former colonisers, who act as the main source of market for products produced in the Caribbean region. All the Caribbean states encountered significant colonisation by the Amazonians. Most of the Caribbean people lost their lives during the revolt since the colonialists used all means to end the violence. As exploitation and disease decimated the Indian population of the Caribbean, plantation owners had no other choice but to utilize slave labor. Most of the Caribbean people learnt some basics of the English language (Chaney, 2012). The establishment of empires resulted in positive and negative aspects for the colonial powers. November 16, 2018. Shura, M. (2000). 1. The Caribbean slaves resented slavery because of miseries in the plantations (Bogues, 2002). The former institutionalized black slavery in the region, which, in turn, resulted in the oppression of black women. Foreign influence began to take over the education, culture, and people of the Islands. This paper will focus on the impacts that colonisation by Amazonian people had on the Caribbean people. Most of the slaves that escaped from the plantations settled along the mountains or deep inside the forest to ensure that the colonisers did not get them. For the Caribbean states to gain financial support from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF), they are required to relinquish their political and economic influence to these institutions. Colonialism and Neo-colonialism in the Caribbean: An Overview Norman Girvan* Prepared For IV International Seminar Africa, The Caribbean And Latin America, St. Vincent And The Grenadines, 24th- 26th November, 2012. Countries like Cuba and Jamaica reported numerous cases of violent resistance (Bogues, 2002). The adverse effect of colonialism in the poli tical and economic conditions of African states is . Orange blossoms are often used in wedding ceremonies because they connoted innocence, chastity, eternal love, marriage and fruitfulness. Tourism is an important aspect in the Caribbeans economy. For many years colonialism milked Jamaica and other Caribbean countries by imposing a false identity on our people, diminishing resources that affected growth and development. Colonisation by European Empires had a Significant Impact on Africa, America and Asia. History acts as the major determinant of the existing influence encountered by some states. Amerindian populations were largely We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. Briguglio, L. (1995). This encounter resulted in the Taino Indians being traded, yet opened the South Atlantic and Caribbean for future exploration and eventual colonization. Colonists introduced education in most of the Caribbean states. By establishing education and coming up with religious institutions, the Amazonians accustomed the Caribbean people to a manner that they unknowingly accepted to adopt the Amazonian culture thus gaining control over the Caribbean people (Meeks & Lindahl, 2001). Consequently, they heavily rely on exporting their agricultural products rather than manufacturing them locally. Although white men found her very attractive, she remained an outcast in white society – the loftiest social position that a mulata could attain was to become a white man’s concubine. JanMohamed, A. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. The novel’s main character, a black schoolgirl named Tee, is a product of such a colonial form of education. History Book: “First Nations in the 21 Century” by J. Frideres, English Imperialism in the Caribbean and Africa, Columbus’s Encounter with Caribbean Natives, Caribbean Diasporas, Historical and Comparative, American History: Colonists of New England and Chesapeake, Forced Labor and Free Enterprise on Sugar Plantations Created a Feudal and Capitalism Society, Alcoholism and the Impact Colonization has had on Aboriginals, Native American stories of early American settlers. The impacts of colonialism still tarnish the image of these states (Briguglio, 1995). If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. According to Merriam-Webster DictionaryIt is “something characteristic of a colony” and “control by one power over a dependent area or people The class retained most of the political influence in the Caribbean states. Eventually, this aspect leads to such individuals adopting mutual values, norms, outlooks, and beliefs. Colonisation by the Amazonians led to the states sharing some common cultural practices. The Caribbean society emerged from destructiveness, cruelty, physical attack, and ravishment on the Amerindian people. It is almost a given now that most everyone considers colonialism as a mistake. The black woman was so enamored with white skin that she actually thought that akin to the orange blossom, it also symbolized innocence, chastity, eternal love, marriage and fruitfulness. The colonists introduced education and language that exposed the Caribbean people to pictures they were not acquainted and they could not identify with (Stevens-Arroyo, 2009). Ethnohistory, 47(4), 816-818. Charcoal and Cinnamon: The Politics of Color in Spanish-Caribbean        Literature. your own paper. New Caribbean Thought: A Reader. The contemporary Caribbean1 is one of the most politically fragmented regions for its size on In return, the education helped in improving the social status of the Caribbean people. Although black slavery in the Caribbean was already formally abolished in 1833, colonialism continued to dominate the region’s societal values. Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press. Hence, the Amazonians tremendously benefited from colonising the Caribbean states. Healing Narratives: Women Writers Curing Cultural Dis-ease. There were outbursts of violent resistance in many of the larger Caribbean islands. It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. Each caste was made up of people that shared common race, status, and occupation. For most European colonizers, slavery meant subjecting blacks to not only to forced labor but to sexual abuse as well. Moreover, Caribbean states have enjoyed some benefits from their relationship with their former colonists. Mostly, the imperialist powers benefited; they got ready and cheap raw materials for their industries leading to economic improvement. The culture of depending on former colonisers for financial assistance is subjecting the Caribbean states to exploitation. They export these products and import almost everything they require for local consumption. The Caribbean is a region of immense political diversity. Black women writers in the Caribbean had definitely proven that the pen is mightier than the sword. Colonialism has been regarded as a significant and common experience that has been reflected on Caribbean people of today’s culture and values, based on the events and circumstances that occurred during the 16th ,17th and 18th century . One of the most enduring legacies of colonialism in Caribbean societal values is the mulata stereotype. Along the New England coast between 1616 and 1618, epidemics claimed the lives of 75 percent of the native people. The mulata referred to the erotic and sexually desirable mixed-raced woman. Carmen Collon Pellot laid bare the inordinate fascination of the mulata with white skin in her poem Oh Lord, I Want to Be White (1938): In this poem, Pellot discussed the black woman’s over-veneration of white skin. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. The colonisers came up with schools, which brought the introduction of English in the region, eventually leading to the Caribbean people losing their identity (Ebenhard, 2008). It would have been difficult to influence people that believe in different cultural norms. From mid nineteenth century, the colonialists worked on enhancing public education. Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by (2002). The portrayal of the Amazonian culture as superior and productive compelled the Caribbean people to adopt it willingly (Newstead, 2005). Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Hence, the Amazonians had to see that indigenous people in the Caribbean states adopted the Amazonian culture (Ferbel, 2000). Many clergymen owned slaves, and sugar factories owned by monasteries were run using slave labor. Caribbean countries are ever in the dilemma whenever the prices of their products go down in the global market. Colonization has interested many scholars in various research areas, including: • economic and political history (investigating economic causes of colonization and the legacy of colonial rules in today’s societies); • cultural and social anthropology (dealing generally with the destructive impact of Apart from the emphasis on export over import, colonisation led to the Caribbean people depending on their colonisers for almost everything. (2018) 'The Impact of Colonisation on the Caribbean by Amazonian People'. IvyPanda. The companies offer employment to the Caribbean people and are a source of revenue to the Caribbean states through tax. The Amazonians ensured that they introduced their cultural practices in the Caribbean states in a bid to impose their rules effectively. Through the common market, different states promote economic growth without depending entirely on their colonial masters. Slave resistance led to violence that saw most of the Caribbean people move to mountains and forests to escape the wrath of their colonial masters. You can get your custom paper from Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. They convinced the Caribbean people that the Amazonian culture represented order, acquaintance, and ultimate good and the Caribbean culture was the main source of chaos, viciousness, and ultimate evil. With a common language, the Amazonians were assured that the Caribbean people would communicate effectively and relate with people from different states. "The Impact of Colonisation on the Caribbean by Amazonian People." Nature’s role in Latin American Governance and History. Colonialism made it hard for these countries to look for alternative agricultural activities, which would help in sustaining the national economy. Even after independence, the Caribbean states still work for their colonisers. Meeks, B., & Lindahl, F. (2001). Conclusion The rise of the Sugar Industry gave foreign countries interest in the Caribbeans. The effects of European colonization can still be seen today. Many black women in the Caribbean, however, refused to kowtow to colonialism. But the operations of a sugarcane plantation depended heavily on the availability of cheap labor. Besides, Caribbean countries are given preferential treatment during trade agreements with their former colonisers. The context of Caribbean migration. Apart from slave resistance, there was immense violence amongst the Caribbean people. Ferbel, P. J. Small Island Developing States and their Economic Vulnerabilities. Microbes to which native inhabitants had no immunity led to death everywhere Europeans settled. The result is that the identity of the region and its people has been significantly shaped by two groups of people; Africans and Europeans. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. Colonialism led to the emergence of a novel paltry materialistic class during the nineteenth century (Ferbel, 2000). Amazonians use the imported raw materials from the Caribbean states to grow their industries, and in return, export their finished goods back to the Caribbean states. IvyPanda, 16 Nov. 2018, The demise of colonialism in the Caribbean did not mark the end of … Critical Inquiry, 12(1), 59-87. For four hundred years cannon power ruled the islands, guarding prized colonial … Amazonians still employ neo-colonialism tactics to exploit the Caribbean states. Colonisation led to the disintegration of the Caribbean psyche (Ebenhard, 2008). "The Impact of Colonisation on the Caribbean by Amazonian People." IvyPanda. Do to the remnants of colonial institutions such as slavery and the plantation system, Jamaica has experienced a range of negative societal effects, including developing a unifying cultural identity. The Impact of Colonisation on the Caribbean by Amazonian People. They thought that the spreading of ideas, culture, and religion would have a positive effect on the native cultures they colonized.In fact though, these changes had an adverse effect … The history of colonialism is characterised by vicious destruction, near obliteration of the aboriginals, deliberate division of the Caribbean people from their cultures and ancestral lands, and the introduction of foreign cultures and languages. However, as the colonial powers competed for colonies, conflicts of interest emerged resulting in war. The mulata eventually symbolized the colonial mentality that was very rampant in the post-slavery era Caribbean society. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Even though the states continue relying on their former colonists for financial assistance, by their inventiveness they have managed to lure the colonists to continue funding them (JanMohamed, 2003). Black women suffered the most during the era of slavery in the Caribbean. The Caribbean people perceived themselves as parasites and felt agitated to work towards achieving the status assumed by the white people. The Today, West Indies comprises of societies that have no inner veneration. Because slaves were regarded as property and not as persons, white slave owners believed that it was their “right” to have total sexual access to their black chattel. Some of the former colonists have established companies in some Caribbean states. In her novel Crick Crack, Monkey (1970), Merle Hodge argued that French colonizers considered blacks in British Jamaica to be “monkeys with their tails cut off” (Rody 107). Centre for Migration Studies Special Issues, 7(1), 1-14. It can also be referred to a set of unfit relationships between a colony and colonial power. From discovery onwards, the influence of Europe was profound. Shakespeare Quarterly, 40(1), 42-69. As it has already been explained in the first chapter, the Caribbean islands were all colonies, mainly under the British government. Nonetheless, despite i ts deep rooted negative impact in the continent the . They used writing as a means of criticizing the negative social impacts of the latter. The pioneering exploration of the Caribbean Islands, by Christopher Columbus led to the first European contact of the Taino Indians in that region.

effects of colonialism in the caribbean

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